Sunday, May 27, 2012

Speech Therapy - How to Teach the "L" Sound

Articulation delays are common in young children and several speech sounds can be particularly difficult for children to master. One sound that challenges many children is the /l/ sound. /L/ is a fairly easy sound to teach because it is produced near the front of the mouth, making it easy to "see." Children should be able to produce /l/ in conversation by age 5.

The most common error is substituting a /w/ for /l/. Some children may use /y/ for /l/ or omit the /l/ altogether.

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The /l/ sound is produced by placing the tongue tip behind the upper front teeth, against the gum ridge. The sides of the tongue are lowered in order to allow the voice to pass around the sides of the tongue.

Speech Therapy - How to Teach the "L" Sound

Tips:

Model the correct placement of the tongue, using a mirror. Touch the gum ridge with a spoon or popsicle stick to demonstrate to the child where to make tongue contact. Practice raising and lowering the tongue tip to strengthen the tongue and develop awareness. Have the child open his mouth widely, sustain an "ah" sound while raising his tongue tip to the /l/ position. Practice /l/ vowel babbling.... "Lalala, loolooloo, leeleelee." You may find that the /l/ is easier to produce when combined with specific vowels. Practice the easier syllables first. Compare the tongue tip sounds. Have the child practice: "tee, dee, nee, lee," etc. If the child substitutes /w/ for /l/, gently spread the child's lips to discourage him from rounding them when producing /l/.

Once the child can produce an L sound consistently in isolation or in a short syllable, have him practice it at the beginning of words, such as light, lamp, let, and lip. Then start to practice /l/ in the middle and ends of words and finally in sentences.

With consistent practice, you should soon see improvement in your child's speech!

Speech Therapy - How to Teach the "L" Sound

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Sunday, May 20, 2012

The 4 Types of Lisp Speech Disorders

Most people with a lisp speech disorder are actively looking to fix it. In order to fix a lisp speech you must understand that there is not just one type of lisp, in actual fact, there are four.

So, the very first step to fixing your lisp speech is to uncover the type of lisp that you have. Moving forward from there, you want to take some specific, and some general exercises to fix your lisp. So what are the different types of lisp speech disorders?

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1. Lateral Lisp

The 4 Types of Lisp Speech Disorders

Let's start off with the Lateral lisp, because this is not typically found in normal speech development. With this disorder, the tongue position is in the same position when making the "L" sound. The result of this is that air-flow is pushed over the sides of the tongue.

This is fine when it comes to producing the "L" tones, but it sounds slushy or wet when trying to make out the "S" tone.

2. Palatal lisp

This type of lisp speech disorder is not a common one either, just like Lateral lisp. It is probably the least likely one that you may have because of the complexity of producing the sound. Yet, it is categorized so do not over-look this one.

What happens here is the middle of the tongue comes into contact with the soft palate, or the soft part of the roof of the mouth. This is quiet far back in the month. You can feel it by gliding the tip of your tongue there.

If you have this lisp then you will be producing the "S" sound by putting your tongue in the position of the "H" sound closely followed by the "Y" and by keeping the sound coming out.

3. Interdental lisp

This type of lisp disorder is common in children developing speech until they are about 5. As they develop, this lisp sound slowly, but surely goes away.

You can usually see the problem with this lisp by looking into a mirror, unlike the other types. The tongue comes in between the front teeth and the air-flow is pushed forward.

This basically will create the "TH" sound, instead of "S" - so instead of the word "sad" you will say "thad"

4. Dentalised lisp

If you ever get the feeling that you have a slight lisp, or if someone has told you that your speech is a little unclear, then it might be that you have a dentalised lisp. Also, when some people are heavily intoxicated, they can at times produce this type of lisp.

Instead of producing a slushy "S" - what happens here is that the "S" sounds muffled, or unclear. The tongue is usually pushed against the front teeth, which causes the air-flow to be pushed forwards.

The 4 Types of Lisp Speech Disorders

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