Friday, July 27, 2012

A Guide To The Importance of Physical Education Programs

Physical activity offers a broad range of benefits, including the prevention of obesity, improved self confidence, and an overall sense of well-being. Physical education programs within the school setting can set the stage for how children view physical fitness, activity levels, and future health. Physical education programs also include general health and safety information in addition to providing opportunities for students to learn how to cooperate with one another in a team setting.

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The school setting provides a structured atmosphere in which to incorporate physical health activities and ideally develop healthy habits for life. Studies indicate that promotion of a healthy lifestyle taught in physical education classes can influence long-term health benefits such as reduced rates of obesity, heart disease, high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

A Guide To The Importance of Physical Education Programs

Perhaps just as importantly, physical education programs can teach students that physical activity can be fun. With a broad range of games and activities, children are exposed to forms of exercise that don't simply involve running around a track. Games and other activities incorporate teamwork, strategy, skill-building exercises, and fun.

Nutritional Information

Physical education classes are ideal for introducing basic nutritional concepts to children. Poor eating habits are common among many children and adolescents; however, a solid foundation in healthy eating choices can help lay the groundwork for improved food choices. Children who eat regular, healthy meals consisting of a wide range of food choices concentrate better in school and are less disruptive. Healthy eating also decreases the chances of children developing serious health problems early in life and reduces obesity rates among youth and into adulthood.

Life Skills

Physical education also provides an opportunity for children to develop critical life skills, such as problem solving, strategy, and working together. Many team sports require participants to work together to achieve a goal. Children also learn the basics of good sportsmanship and that there is much more to sports and physical activities than simply winning or losing. Sports require training, mental and physical preparation, and help build self-confidence.

Mental Health

Regular physical activity has shown to have many psychological and mental benefits in addition to the physical ones. For example, regular exercise can reduce feelings of depression and anxiety and promote an overall sense of well-being. The increased blood flow during exercise transports oxygen to all parts of the body, including the brain, which can help improve memory and reasoning skills. Conversely, a lack of oxygen, which can result from not enough deep breathing, can lead to disorientation, confusion, fatigue, and memory and concentration difficulties.

A Guide To The Importance of Physical Education Programs

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Sunday, July 22, 2012

Requirements For Becoming a Phlebotomist

A phlebotomist is an individual who is trained to withdraw blood in a safe and sanitary manner. This means that he/she must be very careful to make sure the medical waste is properly disposed of to prevent any type of contamination. They also deal with the handling and labeling of urine and fecal samples as well. Without some training, not just anyone can become a phlebotomist. In fact there are certain requirements for becoming a phlebotomist.

Phlebotomists or phlebotomy technicians must undergo a course of study that will adequately prepare them to be able to perform the required job duties in a competent manner. A person interested in starting a phlebotomy career can prepare for the profession by attending a technical school, or by attending a 4 year college and earning an Associates Degree.

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Techniques in Microcollection, Blood Sampling, Occupational Safety and Health Regulations, Techniques in Patient Identification and Specimen Collection Kits and Containers Procedures are all part of the coursework that an aspiring phlebotomist will need to successfully complete. Other requirements include completing courses in anatomy and physiology and medical terminology.

Requirements For Becoming a Phlebotomist

Phlebotomists have a choice of becoming certified, as well. They can become certified through the American Association of Medical Personnel, American Society of Clinical Pathologists or American Medical Technologists. Certification can certainly improve the chances of a job offer, and most employers will probably require certification as a condition of employment.

Also, among the requirements for becoming a phlebotomist are a certain disposition. He/she must be able to be comfortable around needles and withdrawing blood from people's veins. A person who is uncomfortable with such things will not be successful in this profession.

A phlebotomy technician must also be able to explain procedures to patients and be prepared to deal with scared patients or those who are faint of heart, because this will undoubtedly happen. He/she should also be competent enough in the field to answer any general questions a patient regarding the procedure which is being performed on them.

Anyone interested in becoming a phlebotomy technician should carefully consider the requirements for becoming a phlebotomist and if the profession is one in which they would excel.

Requirements For Becoming a Phlebotomist

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Wednesday, July 18, 2012

What Are the Likely Factors Affecting Adult Education?

Adult education broadly refers to continuing education later in life. This can include learning in direct relation to a new or ongoing career of an individual, or studies that are completely unrelated such as languages. With the development of online learning, adult education is becoming increasingly accessible, and although the general process of teaching and learning is similar between children and adults, there are additional factors that can be seen to affect those who continue their studies into adulthood.

One of the most general and logical factors that affects adults more than children during education is the notion of the knowledge which they have already accumulated. This can be seen to aid the speed of learning, as they are often likely to have a prior knowledge of the subject they are studying. Alternatively, habits of bad practice can also be learned in adulthood, and methods and processes that have been learned in a now-dated curriculum can also be difficult to shake off for some adult learners.

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A paper written in 1993 by CHIU Mo Chi, entitled A Study of the factors affecting Attendance at Adult Education Short Courses, offers further insights into the differences between adult and child education. CHIU found there are a number of self esteem issues with adult learners. Those that have had a school background that lacks in academic achievement are more suited to frequent confidence boosts "because the outcome of effort is more likely to be the pain of failure than the reward of a new job, a promotion, the admiration of others, or the selfsatisfaction of succeeding at the learning task."

What Are the Likely Factors Affecting Adult Education?

Acknowledging this however, others have expressed that motivation can be an important aspect in regards to the achievement of adult learners. Where students have entered into adult education of their own accord, they have typically realised exactly what they want to learn, and why it is important for them to continue at it - despite their difficulties. Additionally, adult learners are often more aware, and accepting, of the financial and time implications of enrolling on a course later in life.

A student perspective forum on the Adult Literacy Education Wiki ( offers some other information from adult learners themselves. In regards to learning literacy skills during adulthood, many students seem to find the most difficult problem to overcome is fear. "I was a low level reader and I would like you all to know how afraid we are to come in and get help," one student writes in 2007. "I think fear is what holds a lot of us back. We put on this front that all is okay and life is good but we know in our heart we are not okay at all." Problems with embarrassment among peers, and not being able to admit difficulties to other students are continuing factors that can seem to affect learning into adulthood, and this may well be something that remains to be addressed by adult education centres today.

What Are the Likely Factors Affecting Adult Education?

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Friday, July 13, 2012

10 Good Reasons to Home-School

Whilst there are probably hundreds of reasons why people choose to home-school, these ten seem the most common good reasons why you would embark on this process.

Your child has special needs - Children with Aspergers syndrome or Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADD or ADHD respond much better to one-on-one tuition. This is very difficult and costly to provide at school, but is very easy at home. Their education is less likely to suffer as a result of hearing or speech impairments or other such impediments - Mum and Dad usually can understand them perfectly! Such children often do better in a familiar environment with just one set of 'rules' - not one at home and one at school which we are so familiar with. Children with chronic medical conditions who spend a lot of time in hospitals often benefit from homeschooling too. Your child is not performing at the standard of other children. These deficiencies are often not caught until it is too late to do effective mediation. Practices such as repeating years at school and doing remedial classes or out of school tuition can have questionable outcomes. With Homeschooling, you can start the process from the beginning. Parents can keep a much closer record of their children's performance, helping them to negotiate learning obstacles along the way instead of discovering their lack of knowledge well into their schooling years. Your child is being bullied at school. Whilst teaching children effective negotiating techniques is a plus, many children bear the scars of bullying well into their adult lives. Schoolyard bullying is becoming a scourge of schools and although many of them have taken pro-active steps to prevent it, it doesn't mean much if they have cut bullying incidents by 99% if your child is the 1% they didn't manage to prevent. Homeschooling ensures bullying is not an issue. Peer pressure is reduced and issues such as drug and alcohol abuse are more likely to be avoided or observed early enough to mitigate. Lack of choice. Many parents choose to homeschool because they have limited alternatives. In many places, they have only the choice of one school which may be unacceptable for many reasons: it may be too small or too big, not have enough resources, be a boarding school, have a 'reputation', etc. At the end of the day, only parents and the children themselves will answer for their standard of education or lack thereof. In homeschooling many parents feel they are empowering themselves and their children by providing a better quality of education than that on offer in their particular circumstances. Family cohesion. Families often find that school and its extra-curricular activities eat into a lot of family time. Parents who wish to have a close family unit and keep communication at a high level between its members often choose to homeschool. The old maxim "The family who plays together stays together" often comes in here and although this doesn't preclude family members participating in their own individual activities, homeschool families enjoy a greater number of recreational activities as a family. Nomadic lifestyle. Many families from those in the Defence Force, to fruit-pickers and showies, move around in their employment. This often has a detrimental effect on their children's schooling and is often a reason for choosing to homeschool. Many families also choose to be on the move temporarily, travelling around the country or around the world. Homeschooling provides a cohesive education for their children. Alternative Educational Theories. Some people have researched other educational theories proposed by people like Charlotte Manson, Montessori, Froeble, and Steiner, and see great merit in their methods. Homeschooling allows them to follow these alternative methods, which are available in the education system but often not at a convenient distance. Gifted and Talented Children. Such children often need to spend many hours practising in the area where their gift or talents lie. Schools try to cater for these students, but lack the resources to tailor such individual programs and although there are some schools of excellence which cater for such children, very often families find they are too far away. Homeschooling is an option which allows them to fit school around such gifts and talents. Values. Families who have value codes which may not necessarily be, but can include religious or cultural, find homeschooling is a valid option for them. There has been much debate about including values in education, but much of the criticism levelled at historic schooling systems was pointed at values education of the time. Values are not a homogeneous entity, so it makes it very difficult to decide which and how to include them. In recent years, schools have erred on the side of safety by ignoring them completely - which has probably had as disastrous outcomes as those being blamed on the historic schooling systems! Homeschooling allows the passing on of family values. Dissatisfaction with the curriculum - many parents are not happy with what their children are or are not taught at school. It is also common for children to not learn or not be taught things which are actually in the curriculum. At Homechool, you pick your own curriculum and the way it is taught. In places where a 'core curriculum' is required by legislation, this can usually be easily incorporated. Early literacy is an area where many parents find their children are let down. Homeschooling allows the use of resource material for the teaching/learning of such basic skills, such as that from Quantum Literacy, which may not be used in schools or in their child's school in particular.

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10 Good Reasons to Home-School
10 Good Reasons to Home-School

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Monday, July 9, 2012

April Is Financial Literacy Month - Does Anyone Really Care?

Yes, April is financial literacy month and here and there in the media you'll see references to April being financial literacy month. There will also be another(6th) annual Financial Literacy and Education Summit at the Chicago Federal Reserve again this year, among other scattered recognition activities around the nation, but outside of a few interested parties, does anyone really care about financial literacy and, if not, why not?

It seems to me that financial literacy and the whole subject of financial wellness just does not get its due, especially in light of the serious personal finance problems faced by U.S. citizens over the past few years, and the uncertainty about once-stable institutions such as Social Security, Medicare, and corporate pensions.

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During the recession, many found themselves overextended on mortgage loans they shouldn't have taken in the first place. Home values dropped and they continue to decline today. Credit debt reached soaring heights and large numbers lost their jobs and, outside of unemployment compensation, few had additional resources to sustain them. And the importance of retirement savings hit home for the first time for many, as retirement accounts were depleted by multiple thousands of dollars; causing many retired people to bail out of the market at its low point. Yes, for the first time, many U.S. citizens got a good taste of what a "great" recession can do in terms of devastating personal wealth.

April Is Financial Literacy Month - Does Anyone Really Care?

You would think any nation that just went through what we've been through would do a thorough examination of the matter and put safeguards in place to ensure any similar problems in the future would be handled by its citizenry with greater knowledge and skill. Certainly, one could quickly conclude that a good foundation in personal money management would be beneficial to anyone that would have to face the challenge of another recession, or just the challenges that go with managing one's day-to-day personal finances in our erratic financial world. A natural jumping off point, it seems to me, would be to take quick action to bring personal finance training into our schools, so the next generation might be better prepared to deal with their personal finances and/or the next great calamity.

Unfortunately, according to the 2011 Survey of the States, a survey that reports on the state of economic and personal finance education in our nation's schools, only 22 states require an economics course for high school graduation and only 16 of those states require testing in economics; 3 fewer than in 2009. The number of states that require students to take a personal finance course is just 13. The survey reports that in schools where financial education is required the students were better savers, were less likely to max out on their credit cards, were less likely to be delinquent on their credit card payments, were more likely to pay off their credit cards in full each month, were less likely to be compulsive buyers, and were more willing to take average financial risk.

The survey also showed that the average college student in the U.S. had ,250 in student loan debt at graduation in 2010; up 5% from 2009. And the last time I looked at this statistic, graduating seniors were carrying 4 credit cards on average.

Information like this related to the limited financial training we provide for our students, in light of the myriad of financial problems this country has experienced, leaves me with the feeling that, outside of a few, we as a nation are only willing to give the subject of financial literacy lip service and not serious consideration. We're not willing to invest the money necessary to grow our financial education programs, nor are willing to make mandatory, with few exceptions, the requirement for developing critical lifelong personal finance skills.

With our students not getting the financial education they need, they go into adulthood without important survival skills. We allow them to go on to become adults and fall into the many financial pitfalls that await the uninformed and unskilled.

Well, you might say, the parents should be providing their children with financial education at home. Well, the parents generally don't, no more than they provide home training in physics. Remember, few of the parents ever had any formal training in personal finance matters. This training will generally have to come from competent, qualified educators in the schools or the child's adulthood will likely be a matter of learning from the school of hard knocks.

All too often it's the school of hard knocks that wins out as there are volumes of information out there that speak to the financial distress adults feel, because they either don't have the skills or interest in keeping their personal finance houses in order. For those that lack the skills, but feel the heat that goes with being a poor money manager, financial stress is often the order of the day; stress, which if not checked, can contribute to disease. Personal finance problems are also linked to many social problems; not the least of which is divorce. We know that the number reason for divorce is money.

In last year's MetLife 9th Annual Benefits Study, this was the conclusion reached about the link between financial stress, healthcare, worker productivity and the achievement of business goals:

"The recession has resulted in widespread financial insecurity across all employee age groups. In fact, there is a virtual "epidemic" of financial stress, and there is compelling evidence that "financial illness" also contributes to health care costs, as well as to reduced productivity". "As much as employers have been focused on traditional health and wellness, there is compelling evidence that "financial illness" also contributes to health care costs, as well as to reduced productivity. Employee financial security may be a major driver in accomplishing business goals".

Based on these conclusions from MetLife, surely you would expect employers to be taking an aggressive stance and bringing in personal finance training for those many of their employees that never had the opportunity to receive training, but it appears little is being done in the workplace to promote financial wellness. There are a few progressive leaders out there that are introducing financial literacy/wellness programs in the workplace, but this is a limited group of employers.

With 70% of Americans living paycheck to paycheck today and the lessons learned from the 2008-2009 recession, you'd just think we'd be doing a lot more now to make sure we handle the next challenge better than we did in the past, but I've yet to see that happen. So, have your April Financial Literacy month this year and next year and the next year, but does anyone really care?

April Is Financial Literacy Month - Does Anyone Really Care?

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Monday, July 2, 2012

Nursing Prerequisites Courses Online

Duquesne University School of Nursing offers several online graduate nursing programs, which includes two PhD nursing online programs. It also affords graduate students to complete all necessary nursing prerequisites courses online. Degrees may be complete with little or no on-campus attendance, utilizing the school's state-of-the-art learning technologies and the Internet. When compared to on-campus courses, nursing courses taken online are identical in their objectives and rigor. Online students pay the same tuition as on-campus students; online course credits are structured no differently than the same course taken in a classroom. Whether a student chooses to take all nursing courses online or in combination with on-campus study, their diploma, certificate, or transcript will bear no distinction from that of a traditional Duquesne on-campus student. However, students are required to visit the campus once a year for a period of one week, which is usually the week prior to Thanksgiving. All applicants to the online graduate nursing programs must have fulfilled the following nursing prerequisites prior to admissions:

Undergraduate statistics course or equivalent Undergraduate physical assessment course required for the Family Nurse Practitioner and Nursing Education programs Computer literacy (including the ability to send and download attachments) or completed courses in word processing, spreadsheet, database management and presentation graphics

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Duquesne's graduate distance learning allows students to complete their education with the flexibility that not all nursing schools offer, because virtually no on-campus classroom attendance is necessary. The only prerequisites to taking nursing courses online are basic computer skills including:

Nursing Prerequisites Courses Online

Send and receive email Attach, send and open documents from email or Internet sites Participate in online chats Research topics using the Web resources Use Internet library databases

How does it work? Students enrolled in the PhD nursing online programs, complete all their courses online. Course instructors use special Internet-based software for instruction, as well as post their lectures and reading assignments online. Student participate in the virtual classroom by using several formats including contributing to an online thread or message board, online chats, live virtual classroom meetings, and phone conference calls with other students and their instructor. The educational platform that Duquesne uses is the popular, Blackboard, a Course Management System (CMS) used widely among universities. In addition to learning, students can access their grades, course calendar, course descriptions, transcripts, student loan, or tuition status. Information about their instructor is also posted online, such as their educational background, areas of expertise, areas of research, other classes taught, office hours and location, phone contact, and email. The two PhD nursing online programs that Duquesne offers is either a PhD, which focuses on research, or a DNP, which has a clinical focus. The student on the PhD track must complete the following nursing prerequisites courses online or on-campus:

Graduate course in Statistics (6 credits) Graduate course in Nursing Theory (3 credits) Graduate course in Nursing Research Methods (3 credits) Computer literacy or completed courses in word processing, spreadsheet, database management, and presentation graphics

The DNP track requires that applicants have completed only two nursing prerequisite courses online or on-campus prior to admission - either an undergraduate or graduate course in Statistics (3 credits) and a graduate course in Nursing Research Methods (3 credits). The online Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) currently offers three areas of specialization - Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP), Forensic Nursing, and Nursing Education. Prior to beginning core course work and clinical requirements, students must complete 21 credits of FNP nursing prerequisites courses online. The maximum allotted time to finish the MSN program is six years. The MSN student pursuing a career in Nursing Education must complete 14 credits in nursing education in addition to coursework required by the MSN program including clinical core courses. Whether you plan to apply to one of Duquesne's PhD Nursing Online Programs or one of their other online master nursing programs, holding a degree from this prestigious university will be very impressive to future employers. Be sure to check the department's website for updates to their program - including prerequisites.

Nursing Prerequisites Courses Online

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